The Fourth Industrial Revolution, the digital transformation, and the pandemic, and a huge wave of change are hitting us. We feel dizzy and confused on the path of change that cannot be avoided or returned.
I can’t see the front like a dark night road, but I can’t even go back to the past. Everything is moving forward quickly, but if I stay still, I will be behind. Even if you run fast, you cannot move forward unless you run faster than the changes in the world.
You need headlights to move forward on a dark night road where you can’t see. Perhaps the insight through change will serve as a headlight. What should we see in the current of upheaval? What is important now and what will be important in the future?
I think that change in education, science, and culture is the most important and fundamental. What is ESC 4.0 and why is it important for education, science, and culture in the era of the 4th industrial revolution?
Among the quizzes floating around, there is a question,’Who led your company’s digital transformation?’ The correct answer is Corona 19, neither the CEO nor the CTO. As the face-to-face activity was restricted due to Corona 19, the digital transformation was unintentionally accelerated, and the pace of the 4th Industrial Revolution accelerated.
Now, the digital transformation, the 4th industrial revolution has become an inevitable trend. The problem is that it is difficult to predict the direction of change in the era of cataclysms, and uncertainty about the future increases.
In 1977, economist John Kenneth Galbraith defined the modern as the Age of Uncertainty where the guiding principles that lead society have disappeared. As in the past, there are no convincing economists, capitalists, or socialists, and it is a confusing era of not knowing where to go.
That’s exactly the time now. The future of the 4th Industrial Revolution and the future of the Corona 19 pandemic are uncertain, and no one knows what direction the future will go. Changes are already ahead of the road before the 4th Industrial Revolution can be properly understood. It’s easy to be cut off after hesitating, but I’m anxious because I don’t know what to do.
When the uncertainty increases, it becomes anxious, which is why’FOMO Syndrome’ is prevalent. Pomo, an abbreviation of Fear of Missing Out, refers to a sense of isolated fear, as if only oneself is missing the flow and only oneself is alienated from the flow of change. Everyone else is making money from stocks, but I seem to be falling behind, and everyone else is investing in cryptocurrency, but I’m anxious and afraid that I’m not the only one doing it. This feeling of anxiety and fear eventually leads to debt and is expressed as an eternal phenomenon.
The best way to reduce anxiety about change is to read the flow of change while facing the change. It is very difficult to read and interpret the flow of change with insight. Because what you see isn’t all about change.
When we look at the wide sea, what we see right now is the waves. No matter how good your eyesight, you can’t see the ocean currents or the abyss. Fernand Braudel, a master of history who led the’Anales’, compared history to a three-layered sea in’The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World of the Age of Felipe II’. On the surface of the sea there are waves that constantly bounce, the currents of the ocean beneath them, and further down there is the deep-sea water that barely moves.
The micro-history composed of the history of events appearing in a short time is like waves, and the history of periodic fluctuations in material life and economic cycles is like an ocean current. In addition, the history of rescue, that is, long-lasting history spanning all centuries, can be said to be water of the deep sea.
As Brodel’s insightful explanation, all changes in the course of history will have a similar structure. Most people pay attention only to microscopic changes such as events and accidents, but in fact, periodic economic changes or structural trends are much more essential. It is not possible to explain ocean currents only with visible waves, and it is not possible to explain deep seas with ocean currents.
Now we are witnessing a huge change in the times called the Fourth Industrial Revolution. What is the wave, what is the current, and what is the deep sea in the profound change? I think that the events that decorate the news, the development of new technologies are waves, the changes in industry and economy are the currents, and it is education, science, and culture that are supporting the change when it flows calmly at the base of the deep sea.
Education, science, and culture were not created in a short period of time, but in the process of historical development for a long time, solidly supported society and were the fundamental forces that shaped human intelligence. Education is a hundred years, science is the knowledge that has lighted the world, and culture is the spirit of mankind. All three are oriented towards fundamental values and are the elements that make humans the most human. This is the reason to think about education, science, and culture in times of change, and that’s why ESC 4.0 is important.
Author/ Translator: Jamie Kim
Bio: Jamie Kim is a technology journalist. Raised in Hong Kong and always vocal at heart. She aims to share her expertise with the readers at blockreview.net. Kim is a Bitcoin maximalist who believes with unwavering conviction that Bitcoin is the only cryptocurrency – in fact, currency – worth caring about.